Find a Bankruptcy Lawyer in Bloomington, Indiana
In Bloomington, Indiana, bankruptcy is a legal proceeding in which a person or business has some or all of their debts legally excused, when they are unable to pay them. This hopefully allows them to begin over with a clean slate and move on, after having learned to better manage their use of credit in the process. However, bankruptcy is not a free ride, allowing someone who simply doesn't feel like paying their debts to get out of that legal requirement. It is designed to prevent debt which has little chance of ever being paid back from ruining the life and finances of the debtor. It also carries significant long-term consequences, which must be carefully weighed against the potential benefits. For example, bankruptcy makes it very difficult for the debtor to obtain credit in the near future.
For that reason, it would be advisable to speak with a good Bloomington, Indiana bankruptcy attorney. This attorney will be able to advise you as to whether or not filing for bankruptcy is a good idea, given your particular situation. This determination is highly dependent on the details of each individual case, so a Bloomington attorney's advice is truly indispensable.
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Types of Bankruptcy in Bloomington, Indiana
In Bloomington, Indiana, there are three basic bankruptcy schemes that are most commonly used. They are known as Chapter 7, Chapter 13, and Chapter 11. Being a product of federal law, the procedural rules governing bankruptcy in Bloomington, Indiana will be very similar to those in any other part of the United States. Chapter 7 bankruptcy requires the debtor to liquidate some of his or her property, and use the funds to pay creditors. While this doesn't sound like much of a relief at first glance, the upshot is that once the eligible property is sold, and the proceeds directed to the creditors, all of the debtor's eligible debts are deemed paid in full, regardless of how much the creditors actually ended up getting. Not all of the debtor's property has to be sold off - the debtor will usually be allowed to keep things like a house, at least one car, some types of personal property, retirement accounts, and insurance policies. It should be noted that some debts are not dischargeable, and will have to be paid in full even if the debtor files for bankruptcy. This includes student loans, taxes, and criminal fines.
The other frequent bankruptcy scheme used by consumers in Bloomington is Chapter 13 bankruptcy. In this system, debt is not discharged. Instead, it is restructured. This allows the debtor to have the terms of the agreements that gave rise to their debts in the first place thrown out, and replaced with new terms that call for a structured repayment plan, designed to allow the debtor to survive on whatever income they have, and allowing the creditors to get paid back eventually. Once a payment plan is authorized, creditors are not allowed to attempt to collect payment under the original agreements. Though Chapter 11 bankruptcy can be used by individuals, it is almost always used by businesses. Similar to Chapter 13, Chapter 11 involves restructuring of debts, rather than complete discharge. The debtor is required to come up with a restructuring plan that lays out how it plans to cut costs, streamline operations, and pay its debts. The plan must then be authorized by a vote of participating creditors.
A major advantage of Chapter 11 bankruptcy is that businesses can continue their operating while going through the process. Also, they can continue to buy and sell their stock.
How Can a Bloomington Bankruptcy Lawyer Help?
Filing for bankruptcy in Bloomington is a very important decision, and should not be made easily. Before filing, one should consult with a seasoned Bloomington bankruptcy attorney for advice.
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Life in Bloomington
Bloomington has been named a Tree City for more than 20 years and serves as the seat of Monroe County. Home to more than 70,000 Indiana residents, Bloomington plays host to a number of institutions of higher learning like Indiana University School of Law, Jacobs School of Music, and the Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute. Bloomington is also home to a number of experienced lawyers. Bloomington lawyers are licensed to practice through out the state and helped work on the movie Breaking Away which was filmed in Bloomington. It featured local quarries and a reenactment of Indiana University's Little 500 bicycle race.
Citizens and visitors of Bloomington are offered a thriving arts and cultural scene. Amateur theater companies like the University of Indiana Department of Theater and Drama, Bloomington Playwrights Project, and Theater of the People. Many performances are done at the famous Buskirk-Chumleuy Theater, a 616 seat vaudeville and movie house that was erected in 1922 and known locally as the "Indiana Theater." Many folks also frequent the happening music scene in Bloomington which hosts a large folk punk rock following. Bloomington is a popular concert tour stop for bands and fans come from around the nation to see their favorites play.